Let's use a computer as an analogy for the human brain.
There are many different types of brains, just like there are many different types of computers. You have PCs, Macs, tablets/phones, tiny, wearable, computing devices, calculators, super computers, etc. So a human brain can be a supercomputer and a dog's brain can be a calculator.
Now, these computers all need an operating system, like Windows, OS-X, IOS, Android, Linux, Etc. The operating system can represent sentience.
But in order for computers to do useful stuff, they need aps, like Microsoft Word, Photoshop, VLC, etc. This can be human knowledge and reason.
Ok. Ready? Here we go.
We are expected to believe that a super computer evolved, with Linux installed and a number of aps? That's Quite a lot to happen all by itself. Can we reasonably expect to find a similar machine on some distant planet, half burried in sand? I mean, don't you find that just as incredible as what religion teaches?
What is wrong with God being responsible for Evolution?
At first I thought this would be a debate for only Theists, but I realize that it can also pertain to Atheists. We keep having debates about whether Evolution is correct, but why is there so much opposition? What is so weird about God using Evolution to create all life? For Atheists, is there something about Evolution that would not allow God to be responsible for it? I just don't know why it has become God vs. Evolution when everything else we have discovered is the way God does it.
"Early Earth was covered in basic chemicals/molecules. Lightning struck and added energy. The extra energy allowed the molecules to come together. Eventually enough molecules came together and were able to make molecules in their own (like RNA). Eventually they built more and more complicated stuff (like DNA) and life (sentience/consciousness) proliferated."
So, apparently, sentience/consciousness automatically follows from RNA and DNA. Except no one has been able to create life using this recepie. They've been able to create RNA but RNA is just a chemical.
RNA: ribonucleic **acid**, a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Its principal role is to act as a messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins, although in some viruses RNA rather than DNA carries the genetic information.
DNA is also a chemical.
DNA: deoxyribonucleic **acid**, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information.
RNA and DNA are just chemical compounds with some interesting properties which **LIVING** cells then use for their own needs/purpose. RNA and DNA are just **tools** used by life. RNA and DNA are **not alive**.
Evolutions does not explain **how** sentience/consciousness comes about. It only explains the tools used by life (like RNA and DNA). It also explains **the process** used by life to continue its own existence (like reproduction, converting compounds into energy, etc.).
Evolution: **the process** by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth.
NOTE: the definition says nothing about how those earliers forms of life came to be alive. In other words, there was already life on the planet and that earlier life form used **the process** of evolution to develop and diversify. There is no mention of sentience/consciousness in that definition.
Sentience: is the ability to feel, perceive, or experience **subjectively**.
Can a bunch of chemical reactions feel/perceive? If so, can they do it **SUBJECTIVELY**?
Consciousness: the state of being awake and aware of one's surroundings.
Can a bunch of chemical ractions be **self aware**?
OK, so once the very first representative of a species is born, he will have to find the second representative of that species. I suspect there can't be many representatives because, after all, it is a new species. Now, by definition, a new species cannot mate with the old species. So..., if the first representative can't find another representative of the opposite sex to mate with, then that new species will die out.Let's say a new species of human is born. He has great, big, feet. That's his evolutionary advantage. His great, big, feet allow him to surf the oceans' waves without a surfboard. This is an advantage for when a tsunami hits, he can surf to safety. Now, with his great, big, feet he can con women who believe the big-feet-myth to sleep with him. But alas, he cannot get them pregnant. So he gets a post-grad degree in biology and finds out that the reason he can't reproduce is because he is the future of man-kind, a new species and living proof of the evolutionary theory. But he can't tell his professors because they will out him in order to get fame and glory (University of Whatever professor discover the next evolutionary link). And he knows that humans have a history of killing anything that is different from them so he decides that it is best to keep his condition a secret. Plus he has read a lot of comics and decides to become a super hero and call himself "Super Surfer". So he sews 2 big 'S's on his wet suit (because he still gets cold, like everyone else) while surfing. This dislike for the cold is his weakness. He is specifically susceptible to ice. So, he can't play hockey, for example, because his great, big, feet get cold. His job as a super hero is to educate people on the virtues of evolution so that he can someday come clean and let the world know that he is a new species. But as luck would have it, the masses rise up and clamor for Trump to be president. This is a threat to his existence so he becomes a Hillary supporter. And in order to spread his message far and wide he joins a popular social media group with a propensity to debate.Meanwhile, on the opposite coast is the female representative of their species. But she is shunned because she has great, big, feet and when she walks barefooted they make a slapping sound so they call her Slappy. She too is unable to reproduce. They need to find each other so that they can create the next generation of great, big, feet babies or their species will die out. Maybe if there were a tsunami on both coasts at the same time they can surf towards each other but what are the chances of that? Nature has played a cruel joke on our hero.Disclaimer:Any similarities to actual species, living or dead, is purely coincidental.
There are 2 components to life.
1. The physical body.
2. That thing we call the self.
Evolution only explains the physical body. Evolution does not explain sentience.
If intelligent design were true, we would be amazed at how smart God's design is. Instead we are like, what moron designed this?Evolution makes more sense because the possible solutions for a given problem come about by chance. Then, out of these random, idiotic, solutions, the best one is selected. It is not optimal but it is good enough and better than the other stupid solutions. Evolution's solutions are not optimal because there isn't a smart, thinking, being making the choice.For example, who, in their right mind, would pick the male to give birth to sea horses? Giving birth is the females' job.
Absolutely EVERYTHING is made up of atoms. That includes living things. The stuff on the Periodic table are the building blocks from which everything is made of. These building blocks come together to form molecules. The interaction between the building blocks or between the molecules or between the building blocks and the molecules, is called a chemical reaction.The molecules then got together to form a cell. The cell then started taking in other molecules in order to sustain the chemical reactions going on inside of it. What goes on inside a cell is nothing more than a chemical reaction.The cells then got together to form an organism. The organism started taking in nutrients, which is nothing more than a bunch of molecules, in order to sustain the chemical reactions going on inside of it. What goes on inside an organism is nothing more than a chemical reaction. Every thought, every memory, every emotion, that pops into your head is nothing more than a chemical reaction.Sentient life is thus nothing more than a set of self sustaining chemical reactions.So when a scientist tells you that evolutionary traits that are beneficial to a species tends to become prevalent among that species, what he means is that a trait that is beneficial to a set of self sustaining chemical reactions tends to become prevalent among that set of self sustaining chemical reactions. And being able to think is one of those traits.In other words, a set of self sustaining chemical reactions evolved the ability to think purely by chance and it became prevalent because thinking helps the set of chemical reactions to sustain itself. In fact, every set of self sustaining chemical reactions came into existance by pure chance. Every step that gave rise to sentient life was due to pure chance.Is this making any kind of sense to you yet?
So...., the way I see it, there are 2 ways we can do this:1. We claim that God created life through the process of evolution.2. We claim that God evolved and then He created us.There.
You can pick from the following or create your own:
1. Human Evolution Is Dead
2. Humans Will Continue to Evolve
3. Humans to Achieve Electronic Immortality
4. New Era of Evolution Awaits on Off-World Colonies
http://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2015/10/theres-a-mystery-machine-that-sculpts-the-human-genome/411199/The article discuses the complexity of DNA. It talks about how it is about 2 meters long. It has to fit in the cell's nucleus so it has to be folded. But it has to be folded in such a way that it doesn't get tangled up, like your headphones in your pocket. But it also has to be folded in such a way so that proteins can access every part of it in order to turn thing on and off. It does this by creating loops. 10,000 loops in total. The loops can be connected in one out of four possible ways. But only one way is used to make the connection. The other 3 ways are not used. Which implies that something like a machine decides which connection will be used. But they haven't "found" this machine. They don't know what it is or how it does it.See? It is so complex that it could have only been created through evolution. Wait....
Who are we to restrict God's methods for creating life?
If we were to create artificial intelligence, would we not evolve that technology? I mean, it's not like we would get it perfect the very first time. And wouldn't our creation consider us Gods? And if they discover the process of their creation, wouldn't they then assume that we had no hand in their development?
The universe is so vast and there is so much out there that we still don't know that I am always amazed at how arrogant some people are in claiming they know the origins of man.